Drugs & Supplement

What is the healing process and medications for broken bones?

Someone whoto an OSbroken where the fractures should receive medical attention to treat the disease. After receiving the treatment, theperiod recovery may take a long time to recover as before. However, do you know what the healing process of a broken bone or fracture looks like? What medications and treatments, including first aid, are usually given to treat fractures?

The process of healing broken bones or fractures

bone structure They are a human movement system which serves to support and maintain the body in an upright position so that it can perform various activities. When a bone is broken, it obviously interferes with your activities. In addition to not being able to move your limbs, you mightas well feel symptoms fracture Or other otherwise it makes you uncomfortable.

Basically, the bone can heal itself when it fractures. When a bone breaks, the body reacts in different ways to overcome this problem, including connecting the fracture and healing as before. However, broken bones need to be in the correct position and protected for a proper healing process to take place.

In this condition, treatment of the fracture by a doctor is usually necessary to promote the healing process. Therefore, before knowing more about the types of treatment for fractures from a doctor, it is a good idea to know the stages or processes that occur in the body, starting from the broken bone until the beginning of the healing period. Here is the process:

Read also: Tips for Fractures to Heal Quickly

1. Bleeding and inflammation

When a bone is broken or fractured, it bleeds immediately, causing inflammation and blood clots at the fracture site. Frozen blood prevents broken bone parts from going anywhere and protects against foreign substances, including germs, entering the broken bone.

This stage occurs a few hours after the bone breaks or breaks and can last for several days. However, this condition also causes an inflammatory reaction in the area of ​​the body that has a fracture, such as swelling.

2. Soft tissue formation

This clotted blood will then be replaced by fibrous tissuecalled soft soft callus of neck cartilage. This soft callus is tissue made mostly of collagen and made up of a special group of cells called chondroblasts.

This is the first step in bone production to reattach broken bones. It is at this stage that the treatment of fractures, such aswhat poses of gesso, will be given. This phase can last from 4 days to 3 weeks, depending on the condition of each patient.

3. Bonesbecome solid

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Once the soft callus has formed, cells called osteoblasts will appear and play a role in bone formation. These cells will add minerals to the new bone tissue and fill in the empty cavities. At this stage, the bones will be denser and stronger.

Once the osteoblasts havecompleted the new bone tissue, the soft callus is replaced by hard bone (also called callus stay/hard callus). This phase usually begins 2 weeks after the fracture occurs and can end at the 6th or 12th week.

4. Bone remodeling

After forming and becoming denser, new bone usually grows larger due to an excess of osteoblastic cells. So the bodyproduce cells osteoblastics, which work to break down excess bone tissue and reshape bones back to their original shape.

This bone remodeling process can take a long time, up to years. Daily activities, such as walking or standing, help encourage these bones to rebuild. Additionally, you must also maintainthe bone in good health by consuminggood food for broken bones. Consult a doctor for more information.

The healing process of bone fractures in children

The fracture healing process as described above occurs in every fracture patient, both adult and child. However, unlike adults, fractures in children heal faster.

The process of new bone formation in children usually only takes a few weeks after injury, while in adults it can take several months. This can happen because the children are still young. During this time, the baby’s bones are still covered with a thick layer of connective tissue called the periosteum.

This tissue surrounds the bones and provides the blood supply to the bones. When a bone breaks, the body uses this blood supply to replace damaged cells and heal the bone.

As children grow, the periosteum tends to get thinner. This is why fractures in adults take longer to heal. Conversely, the younger the child at the time of the fracture, the faster it will heal.

Medicines and drugs that promote the healing process of fractures

Treatment by a doctor is usually done to speed up the healing process, control pain, prevent complications, and restore normal functioning to the affected body. The type of treatment given may be different for each person.

Depends on typing a break properties, location of the fractured bone, severity, age, medical history, general condition of the patient, and patient tolerance to certain treatment procedures. However, in general, here are different ways, drugs and drugs to treat thefractures ruptures that are usually administered by doctors:

  • Painted

Applying a cast is the most common way to treat broken bones without surgery administered by doctors. Cast is used to hold the ends of broken bones in place and reduce movement, to help speed up the healing process.

A cast for fractures can be made of plasteror fibers the distant. The type of cast that will be used depends on the type of fracture and the location of the broken or cracked bone. However, casts are generally not done to treat broken bones or fractures of small bones, such as fingers and toes.

  • Slats or blinds

Just like casts, splints or splints are also commonly performed procedures to heal or treat fractures without surgery. A splint is used to keep the broken bone area from moving while it heals. However, this type of treatment is usually given when there is an area of ​​swelling around the broken bone.

This is because a cast that is too tight can reduce blood flow to the injured area. Once the swollen area has improved, a new cast will be placed. Additionally, splints or splints are also often used for minor fractures that do not require a cast.

  • Traction

Traction is a device consisting of pulleys, ropes, weights and a metal frame mounted on a bed. This tool is used to stretch the muscles and tendons around the broken bone, so that the bones can be aligned and the healing process can occur quickly.

This method of treatment is rarely used to heal fractures. However, traction is also often used to stabilize and realign broken bones before surgery.

  • Bone fracture surgery

Fractures that are severe or difficult to repair with a cast or splint will usually be treated surgically or surgically. Bone fracture surgery carried out to return the broken bone to its original position.

To securely hold the piece of bone, pins or metal devices are sometimes placed in the area of ​​the bone, either inside the bone or outside the body. This type of treatment is often done for theboy hip fracture. Indeed, other types of treatment require the patient to remain motionless for a long time, which often gives poor results.

  • Drugs

In addition to the main treatment above, patients with broken bones or fractures usually also receive medication to help them manage the symptoms they are experiencing. The drugs administered may be different for each patient depending on the severity of the symptoms experienced. Here are some of these drugs:

Analgesic medicine

Analgesics (analgesics) are usually given to help relieve pain in patients with fractures. Mild pain from broken or fractured bones is usually enough to take painkillers which can be purchased from pharmacies, suchthan paracetamol.

However, most fractures cause severe pain or tenderness. In this state,doctor prescribed painkillers more powerful, suchthan morphine or tramadol. These two types of drugs are also often given to relieve pain after fracture surgery, especially for hip or hip fractures.

FANS medicine

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are also commonly given to help heal broken or fractured bones. This type of medication works to relieve pain and reduce inflammation when new fractures occur.

Several typesof NSAIDs are often used to treat fractures, i.e. ibuprofen, naproxen, or other more potent drugs. Ibuprofen and naproxen are types of NSAIDs for fractures that can be purchased at pharmacies. However, the use of this medicine should always be in accordance with the advice of the doctor in order to avoid any side effects that may occur.


Antibiotic prophylaxis, eg. céfazoline, often given to patients with open fractures. The reason is, reported by the University of Nebraska Medical Center website (UNMC), patients with open fractures are at risk of infection, which also increases the likelihood of serious complications, such as pseudarthrosis and osteomyelitis.

Using these antibiotics can prevent infection in patients with open fractures.

  • Physiotherapy

After undergoing various ways to treat fractures and being declared cured, you may need to undergo physical therapy to help relax the muscles and mobility of the part of the body that has a fracture. Physiotherapy for fractures certainly helps to resume normal activities as before the fracture.

Whenyou live a broken experience leg, physiotherapy can be a way to help you learn to walk once you have recovered. Additionally, physiotherapy also helps reduce the risk of permanent stiffness in the part of the body that has suffered a fracture, especially if the fractured bone is near or across a joint.

In addition to various medical treatments, some people prefer to use traditional treatments for bone fractures, such as massage or herbal medicine. The use of this type of drug is not prohibited, but that does not mean that it is definitely safe and does not pose any risk. Therefore, you should consult a doctor before using it to prevent fracture complications.

Read also: 10 Types of Fractures to Watch Out For

First aid for fractures or broken bones

THE bone fractures can vary. If a fracture occurs from a serious injury that causes heavy bleeding, if the bone or joint changes shape, if the bone breaks into the skin, causes numbness, or if a fracture in the neck, head or back is suspected, this condition requires emergency intervention. treatment to treat the condition you are having.

Contact the nearest hospital or emergency number immediately if you find a case of fracture like this. While you’re waiting for medical help, there are a few simple steps you can take to reduce the risk or possibility of a fracture getting worse.

Here are some first aid steps for people with broken bones that you can practice:

  • Do not move or relocate the patient unless necessary to avoid further injury.
  • If there is bleeding, stop the bleeding. Apply light pressure to the wound with a sterile dressing, clean cloth or clean clothing.
  • Do not try to realign the bones or push on the protruding bones. If you are trained in using splints or splints, you can apply splints or splints to the area above and below the bone where the fracture occurs.
  • When moving the patient, keep a splint or splint in place to reduce movement of the injured area.
  • Compress with ice to reduce swelling and help relieve pain. However, do not apply ice directly to the skin, use a towel or cloth to wrap the ice and compress it on the fracture area.
  • Keep the patient as still as possible, especially if there are signs of shock, such as shortness of breath or fainting. Cover with a blanket to keep warm and possibly lay the patient down with their feet raised about 30 cm from the body. However, do not move orrested not the person if they have head, neck or back injuries.
  • Do not give food or drink to the patient by mouth. This can delay the administration of general anesthesia when emergency surgery is needed.

Read too: How to Prevent Fractures in The Elderly

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