Although there are changes every week, the stages of development of babies in the womb are generally divided into multiple trimesters or three month periods. Come on, get to know the main points of fetal development, so that it will be easier for you to detect if there are abnormalities or disorders in your pregnancy.
The development of the baby in the womb begins after fertilization has taken place.Conception itself usually doesn’t come until two weeks after the date your last period started.
In addition to being part of pregnancy, the date of the last menstrual period (First Day of Last Menstruation / HPHT) is also used to predict the date of delivery, by adding 40 weeks from that date.
In the 3rd week of pregnancy, the fertilized egg will begin to develop and form a sac containing the future fetus (embryo) and the placenta. Fetal blood cells begin to form and hundreds of other cells develop, and blood circulation begins.
By the end of the 4th week, the fetal heart tube is in place and can beat up to 65 times per minute. At the end of the first month of pregnancy, the fetus is 0.6 cm long, smaller than a grain of rice.
Pregnant women also begin to experience symptoms of pregnancy, such as fatigue and enlarged breasts. The increase in the pregnancy hormone HCG also causes menstruation to stop, and this is one of its early signs of pregnancy.
In the 6th week a face with large circles for the eyes, nose, mouth, ears and lower jaw and throat began to form. The fetus starts curved lines like the letter C.
At week 7, the fetus begins to form arms and legs, and the uterus has now doubled in size.
At 8 to 10 weeks of pregnancy, the fetus has successfully passed through a critical period of development of its organs and body structures, measuring almost 3 cm in length, moving more and more and looking more and more like a human. This week the baby in the womb is ready to develop.
At 11 to 13 weeks, your baby’s brain will develop rapidly, his kidneys will start to separate and his fingers will be able to clench like fists. At the beginning of the 12th week, the baby’s genitals began to form. The length of the baby in the first trimester will reach 8 cm.
Put in the second trimester, the risk of miscarriage will usually also decrease as your uterus becomes stronger and continues to grow. The baby’s weight in the womb reached 42 grams with a length of up to 9 cm.
His bones and skull harden and his hearing ability also improves. You will likely feel kicks and pounding heartbeats, and may see a variety of expressions on the ultrasound.
In the 14th to 15th week her sense of taste formed and he began to perceive light.
In the 16th to 18th week, the baby will experience a growth spurt and his genitals are well formed so that they can be seen with an ultrasound examination.
At week 19, the baby in the womb can hear your voice. By the 20th week, the baby will swallow more and produce stool or meconium.
At 21 to 22 weeks the baby is very active and looking more and more like little people. Babies also start to grow eyebrows and hair at the age of 25 weeks, and their weight increases because they already have fat.
At 26 weeks, babies start to be able to breathe and exhale placental fluid (amniotic fluid) which is a good sign, because then he practices breathing at the same time.
At week 27, the baby in your womb can open and close its eyes, suck its fingers and even hiccups. You may feel amused when he does this.
Put in third trimester, the baby’s weight can reach 1 kg with growing muscles and lungs. His head continues to grow to keep up with the development of nerve cells in his brain. Her wrinkled skin became smoother as her body fat continued to increase.
He can blink, his eyelashes and nails grow, and he has more hair. In this last trimester, the baby will gain more weight, so that it can generally reach around 3 kg with a length of 48 cm.
From 31 to 33 weeks your baby will sayheads be more intense and you can begin to experience it false contractions. An increasingly enlarged uterus can cause heartburn and difficult to breathe. You will also feel increasingly uncomfortable in bed.
At 34 weeks, his central nervous system and lungs will be more mature and movements will not be as frequent or as exciting as before. The baby in the womb will descend further into the pelvic area at 36 weeks as the due date approaches.
At week 37 you will more often experience whiteness and contractions. During pregnancy you are advised to be aware of the symptoms of the mentioned condition preeclampsia, which pregnancy complication is characterized by increased blood pressure, protein in the urine and swelling of the legs.
Your water will probably break at 39 weeks. If this happens, it means that you are about to have a processenter labor. Immediately contact the doctor, midwife or hospital where you plan to give birth to get help.
Sometimes there may be pregnant women who have not shown signs of labor, even though it is past the estimated time of delivery. Don’t worry if you experience this, because it can happen.
However, if you are too old or at 42 weeks, you may need to have the procedure induction work.
Discuss it with doctor regarding safe delivery procedures and in accordance with the state of your pregnancy. Regularly checking the baby in the womb can also help you to abnormality or to anticipate problems that may occur.