Pregnancy Complications

Pregnancy Complications

What’s Pregnancy complications?

Pregnancy Complications are health problems that occur during pregnancy. These health problems may involve problems with the mother’s health, the baby’s health, or even both.

Some pregnant women have health problems that arise during pregnancy, while there are also some women who have health problems before pregnancy that can lead to complications during pregnancy. Therefore, it is important for women to get healthcare before and during pregnancy to reduce the risk of pregnancy complications.

Common Pregnancy Complications

Here are the most common complications women experience during pregnancy:

1 Anemia

Anemia is a condition when the body has a lower than normal number of healthy red blood cells. Pregnant women who are anemic may feel tired and weak. However, this condition can be overcome by treating the cause, as well as help is consumed iron and folic acid supplements.

2 High blood pressure

High blood pressure occurs when the area which transports blood from the heart to the organs and placenta, narrows. This condition can put the mother and baby at risk for various health problems. This condition also increases the risk of many other pregnancy complications, such as preeclampsia,placental abruption, and gestational diabetes.

Pregnant women with high blood pressure are also at increased risk for preterm labor or premature delivery, low birth weight babies and stillbirth.

Therefore, it is important to discuss the problem of blood pressure with the mother’s obstetrician before becoming pregnant, so that proper management and control of the mother’s blood pressure can be carried out before pregnancy. Taking medication for high blood pressure is important before, during and after pregnancy.

Read also: The Importance Of Maintaining Emotional Health When Pregnant Women And After Birth

3 Gestational Diabetes

Gestational Diabetes occurs when a woman who did not have diabetes before pregnancy develops the condition during pregnancy. Hormonal changes due to pregnancy cause the body not to produce enough insulin to blood sugar levels not keeping it stable, or not using it normally. As a result, glucose can accumulate in the blood and cause diabetes during pregnancy.

Adopting a healthy diet and following the treatment plan recommended by your obstetrician are the best ways to reduce or prevent complications related to gestational diabetes. The reason is, if not control, can gestational diabetes causing preeclampsia and giving birth to a large baby that increases the risk of cesarean section.

4 Preeclampsia

Preeclampsia is a serious complication that can lead to premature birth which can be life-threatening. The cause is not known for sure, but there are some women who are at greater risk of experiencing it, such as women aged 35 and over, have a history of preeclampsia in a previous pregnancy, have certain medical conditions ( diabetes, high blood levels) pressure and kidney disease), two or more children are pregnant.

5 Premature labor

Premature labor occurs when a woman gives birth before the 37th week of pregnancy. The birth takes place before the baby’s organs, such as the lungs and brain, have finished developing. Certain drugs can stop labor. Doctors also usually advise mothers to rest completely in bed so that the baby is not born too early.

6 Miscarriage

Miscarriage is fetal death that occurs during the first 20 weeks of pregnancy.According to American Pregnancy Association (APA), nearly 20 percent of pregnancies among healthy women will end in miscarriage. Sometimes this can happen before a woman even realizes she is pregnant. In most cases, miscarriage cannot be prevented.

Loss of pregnancy after the 20th week of pregnancy is called stillbirth. Often the cause is unknown. Problems that can cause stillbirths include problems with the placenta, chronic health problems in the mother and infections.

7 Infection

During pregnancy, the baby in the mother’s stomach is protected from many diseases, such as colds or colic. However, there are some infections that can harm the mother, baby, or both. For example, HIV infection, viral hepatitis, sexually transmitted diseases and tuberculosis. Some of these infections can negatively affect pregnancy and can have serious consequences for the mother, the outcome of her pregnancy and her baby.

Therefore, it is important for pregnant women to screen and treat the infection as early as possible and to be vaccinated against the virus. Examples include hepatitis B and human papillomavirus, to prevent unwanted adverse effects on pregnancy.

8 Continuous nausea and vomiting

While nausea and vomiting are normal during pregnancy, especially in the first trimester, some women experience more severe symptoms in the third trimester.

Causes a more severe form of this problem, known as hyperemesis gravidarum. Women with hyperemesis gravidarum experience nausea that does not go away, weight loss, decreased appetite, dehydration and a feeling of faintness.

Read also: Know 6 ways to take care of health for pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic

Who is at risk?pregnancy complications?

There are several factors that can increase a woman’s risk of experiencing complications during pregnancy, including:

  • Pregnant at age 35 or older.
  • Experience pregnancy at a young age.
  • Have an eating disorder, such as anorexia.
  • Rook.
  • Using illegal drugs.
  • Minimum alcohol.
  • Have a history of miscarriage or premature birth.
  • Pregnant with more than one baby.
  • Have certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, cancer, high blood pressure, infections, sexually transmitted diseases, and others.

How to pregnancy complications to prevent

Not all pregnancy complications cannot be prevented, but there are several ways you can reduce the risk, including:

  • Talk to your doctor when you plan to get pregnant so your doctor can help you prepare yourself. Tell your doctor if you have certain medical conditions.
  • Eat a healthy diet with lots of fruit, vegetables, lean protein and fiber.
  • Take prenatal vitamins every day.
  • Stop smoking, as well as avoid alcoholic beverages and illegal drugs.
  • Handle stress well.

When to see a doctor?

Pregnant women are advised to immediately they contact a doctor or go to hospital if they experience signs of problems such as the following:

  • Bleeding from the vagina.
  • Sudden swelling of the hands or face.
  • Stomach ache.
  • Fever.
  • Severe headache.
  • Dizzy.
  • Continuous vomiting.
  • Disturbed vision.

You should also check with your doctor if your baby suddenly moves less than usual during the third trimester.

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