Dark spots on the skin or hyperpigmentation can occur when some parts of the skin produce more melanin than usual. Melanin gives color to eyes, skin and hair. Black spots on the skin are actually not a cause for concern and do not need treatment. However, most people choose to remove it for aesthetic reasons.
Black spots can be caused by several conditions. Some types of dark spots are caused by skin aging, excessive sun exposure, acne scars or hormonal changes. There are several ways to treat dark spots to help lighten and reduce dark areas.
- Hydroquinoneroom en Serum
Applying a topical serum or cream containing hydroquinone is probably the most popular solution for lightening dark spots. It’s just that the use of creams or serums containing hydroquinone is very limited.
Although it is considered safe for use in cosmetic products, the concentration of hydroquinone should be limited as it poses a greater risk at higher concentrations. It is feared that this substance will become toxic and cause cancer.
- laser treatment
In beauty clinics, various types of laser treatments are now available. The most common treatment for the treatment of black spots on the skin is the use intense polslig laser.This laser has a light target on melanin and breaks down dark spots.
During a microdermabrasion treatment, a dermatologist uses special tools that have an abrasive surface to remove the outer layer of skin. This treatment supports the growth of new collagen which can help reduce freckles.
- Chemical peels
Chemical peels orchemical peels involves the exfoliation of the surface of the skin leading to the growth of new skin. This process can gradually fade black spots on the skin.
Cryotherapy is a procedure that involves applying liquid nitrogen to dark spots to freeze them. This treatment injures skin cells. Aftertherapy, the skin will heal more easily afterwards.
In addition to dermatological procedures and prescription medications, there are several home remedies that can lighten dark spots on the skin.
- No-prescription cream
Over-the-counter skin lightening creams may not be as strong as prescription medications from a dermatologist, but they can still work. Creams and serums contain a variety of ingredients, including retinol or alpha hydroxy acids that can accelerate skin exfoliation and promote new skin growth.
- Natural medicine
Products with certain natural ingredients can help treat dark spots on the skin. Some ingredients such as niacinamide (vitamin B-3), soy, licorice extract, and mulberry. The substance has hope to lighten hyperpigmentation. Applying aloe vera gel to the skin can also help reduce melasma during pregnancy after 5 weeks.
Even if cosmetics don’t lighten dark spots, they can cover them. Some people prefer to useconcealercream based to reduce the appearance of dark spots.
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Prevents the appearance of black spots
Avoiding skin damage in the first place is the best solution. Protecting the skin after dark spots appear will also protect the skin from the worst.
- Use SPF cream. Carefully apply sunscreen every two hours or so if you swim or sweat frequently.
- Cover the skin when outside. Wear a hat, long sleeves and long pants.
- Avoid sun exposure in hot weather. UV exposure is usually greatest between 10am and 2pm.