Several types of fractures can occur. Moms and dads must therefore be vigilant. Accidents can happen to anyone and affect any part of the body, including the strongest bones.
Several types of fractures carry the term fracture in the medical world. Even though bones are actually the strongest part of the body besides the teeth, bones can still break, especially in older people whose bone strength decreases.
Moreover,the published research in the library United States National Medical School mentioned that bone fragility and risk of fractures may increase due to osteoporosis which is characterized by reduced bone mass and changes in bone architecture.
So moms and dads who have reached their old age should pay attention to this risk. On the other hand, when moms and dads are still healthy, as much as possible take care of the bone health to avoid it.
Types of fractures
Then, what types of fractures can occur in humans? The following is a comprehensive explanation that moms and dads need to know, cited by various sources.
1. Transverse fracture
Orthopedics launch South Shore, a transverse fracture is a type of fracture that is in a straight line through the bone. This type of fracture can be caused by a traumatic event such as a fall or a car accident.
2. Spiral fracture
As the name suggests, it is a type of fracture wrapped around the bone. Spiral fractures occur in any long bone of the body, usually the femur, tibia, or fibula of the leg. However, it can also occur in the long bones of the arms. Spiral fracture caused by injury twisted suffered during sporting activities, during physical attacks or during an accident.
3. Greenstick Fracture
This type of fracture is the most common partial fracture in children. It is characterized by the condition of the bones bent and broken, but not separated into two distinct parts.
Children are more likely to have this type of fracture because their bones are softer and more flexible.
4. Compression fracture
Compression fracture is a type of fracture characterized by a crack in the bone. The broken bones will appear wider and flatter than before the injury. These compression fractures most commonly occur in the spine and can make the spine completely fragile.
This type of bone loss is called osteoporosis and is the most common cause of compression fractures.
5. Fracture comminutive
A comminuted fracture is a type of fracture where the bone is broken into 3 or more pieces. Bone fragments are also present at the fracture site.
This type of fracture occurs with high-impact trauma, such as a car accident.
6. Avulsion fracture
An avulsion fracture occurs when a fragment is pulled out of the bone by a tendon or ligament. This type of fracture is more common in children than in adults.
Sometimes a child’s ligaments can pull hard enough to cause their growth plate to rupture.
Read also : Tips for Fractures to Heal Quickly
7. Open fracture
An open fracture describes a situation where the broken bone penetrates through the skin.
8. Closed fracture
Conversely, if the injury does not open the skin, it is called a closed-type fracture.
9. Segmental fracture
A segmental fracture is a condition in which the bone is fractured in 2 places, leaving a segment of bone that “floats” between the two fractures. These fractures usually occur in the long bones such as those in the legs.
This type of fracture may take longer to heal or lead to complications.
10. Oblique fracture
Oblique fractures occur when the fracture is diagonal across the bone. This type of fracture most often occurs in the long bones.
Oblique fractures can result from a sharp blow from an angle from a fall or other trauma.
11. Stress fracture
Stress fractures are also called hairline fractures. This type of fracture looks like a fissure and is difficult to diagnose with a simple X-ray. Stress fractures are often caused by repetitive movements,example of course.
Bone fracture symptoms
Symptoms of a broken bone depend on which part of the bone is broken. For example, moms and dads will probably be right away if they have problems with their arms, legs or fingers.
But if you’re not sure, consider the following possible symptoms that could indicate moms or dads have a fracture:
- Difficulty using limbs
- A noticeable, unusual bump or twist
- Severe pain in the injured part of the body
- An obvious deformity, such as a bone protruding from the skin
- Architect or redness and warmth in a particular limb.
Diagnosis of bone fractures
If you have experienced any of the signs of the symptoms mentioned above, especially after mum or dad fell or had an accident, you must immediately consult a doctor.
To diagnose a fracture, the doctor will usually examine the injured limb.
The doctor may also order imaging tests to see how badly the bone is affected. Some of these tests include:
- X-rays : This tool, which works with X-rays, will produce a two-dimensional image of a broken bone to help doctors make a diagnosis more easily.
- Bone scan: The doctor will use a bone scan to find any fractures that don’t show up on an X-ray. These scans take longer and are usually done in 2 visits 4 hours apart, but can help the doctor find some fractures.
- CT Scan: computed tomography uses a computer and x-rays to make detailed slices or cross sections of bone.
- IRM : An MRI creates very detailed images using a strong magnetic field. MRI is often used to diagnose stress fractures.
Treatment of fractures
If the doctor already knows which part of the bone is broken, the patient will usually undergo a bill reduction process.
So the broken ends of the bones need to be straightened, this process is also known as fracture reduction.
Usually the patient receives general anesthesia while the fracture is being reduced. Reduction of the fracture can be done by manipulation, closed reduction (removal of bone fragments) or surgery.
After reduction, the doctor then immobilizes it as soon as possible so that the patient can recover optimally. This immobilization may include:
- Plaster molds or functional braces in plastic to hold the bone in position until it heals.
- Metal plates and screws, but today the procedure is possible using minimally invasive techniques.
- Nail Intramedullary, an internal metal rod that is placed in the middle of a long bone.
- External fixator, this tool can be made of metal or carbon fiber; they have steel pins that go straight into the bone through the skin.
As a rule, the fractured bone area is immobilized for 2 to 8 weeks. How long depends on the affected bone and whether there are any complications, such as blood supply problems or infection.
Although fracture repair generally returns damaged skeletal organs to their pre-injury cellular composition, structure, and biomechanical function, theyJournal HHS public access about 10% of fractures do not heal normally.
Read also : Know and Understand Bone Fractures in Children
These are the different types of fractures, along with the symptoms and how to treat them. Moms and dads can avoid these fractures by preventing injuries, exercise diligently Thus What to eat nutritious foods for healthy and strong bones!