“The first trimester of pregnancy is a time of great changes in the pregnant mother’s body. That is why there are a number of tips that mothers must pay attention to in order to take care of the pregnancy in the first trimester so that it runs smoothly.”
Pregnancy in the first trimester is probably the most critical period during pregnancy. Physical and hormonal change can make pregnant women easily tired and experience nausea.
Not only that, pregnant women also tend to be more emotional than usual. Pregnancy itself is still very sensitive, so it is prone to miscarriage.
Tips for maintaining pregnancy in the first trimester
With the many changes that occur during the first trimester, there are a number of things that must be taken into account in order for the pregnancy to run smoothly. Here are tips to maintain pregnancy in the first trimester that you should do:
1. Eat regularly pregnancy vitamins in
It is best to start taking prenatal vitamins early, more precisely during a pregnancy program or as soon as the mother finds out that she is pregnant.Pregnancy Vitamins are very important for the development of the baby’s brain and spinal cord which takes place in the early stages of pregnancy.
In general, doctors or midwives also recommend pregnant women to consume folic acid, calcium and iron from the beginning of pregnancy. So make sure that some of these supplements are always fulfilled.
2. Drink lots of water
During pregnancy, blood must supply oxygen and essential nutrients to the baby through the placenta. This automatically increases the workload of the blood than usual. Therefore, pregnant women need to increase water to help the blood work to transport oxygen, nutrients and filter waste.
Not only that,drinking water can also prevent constipation, hemorrhoids, urinary tract infections, fatigue and other pregnancy symptoms. Try to drink at least 8-10 glasses of water a day. Apart from water, mothers can also get additional fluids through soups or juices that contain nutrients.
3. Do light exercise
For some pregnant women, getting through the early trimester of pregnancy is difficult and quite difficult. Nausea, vomiting and mood swings can drain energy and leave mothers exhausted. Well, it’s this tired feeling that sometimes makes moms reluctant to do strenuous activities, let alone exercise. In fact, exercise is still necessary to recharge energy.
There have been many studies proving that exercise can improve blood circulation, improve mood and reduce stress. Well, mothers can try light exercise like pregnancy exercise or take a leisurely walk in the morning or evening to get the benefits.
4. Avoid foods that contain mercury
Exposure to chemicals should be avoided by pregnant women because they are closely related to the risk of miscarriage, birth defects and other health problems. Mercury is one of the chemical elements found in various types of food, especially shelled seafood.
5. Abstaining from the consumption of raw and undercooked food
In addition to exposure to chemicals and toxins, pregnant women are also not advised to eat food that is not perfectly cooked. The reason for this is that undercooked food tends to contain bacteria that can cause health problems and harm the fetus. So you have to mourn or undergo avoid foods such as sushi and undergo eggs.
6. Avoid exposure to cigarettes and alcohol
Smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke are both harmful to pregnant women and the fetus in the womb. Not only that, drinks or food containing alcohol can also inhibit the growth of the future baby.
7. Feed Routine checks out
Another no less important tip is to have a routine every month investigation to be carried out by the doctor or midwife. Doctors or midwives can therefore continue to monitor fetal development and pregnancy problems as early as possible.
Pregnancy Examination must be performed at least four times during pregnancy, namely 1 examination in the first trimester, 1 examination in the second trimester, and 2 examinations in the third trimester.
8. Make sure you only take medicine approved by the doctor
If you experience health problems during pregnancy, always ask your doctor or midwife before taking any medication, including over-the-counter medicine. Even not-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen are advised not to be used in pregnant women.According to National Health Service, taking this drug can increase the risk of miscarriage and damage to the fetal blood vessels.
9. Take care of personal hygiene
Maintaining personal hygiene can prevent bacterial, viral and parasitic infections that can endanger the health of the mother and fetus. The reason is that these infections have the opportunity to cause birth defects, miscarriage or premature birth.But is sure the mother maintains cleanliness by bathing regularly, washing hands after using the toilet and before eating.
If water is not available, the mother can use an alcohol-based cleaner (hand ontsmettingsmiddel) to wash hands. Also, make sure that the food you eat is clean, especially when you buy food from outside.
10. Avoid strenuous activity
Pregnant women should also avoid strenuous activities, especially in the early trimesters. Nausea, vomiting and excessive sleepiness are common during pregnancy. Well, these conditions alone can drain all energy. Therefore, pregnant women are advised not to do strenuous activities, so that they do not experience fatigue.